This New York launch follows on the heels of a national launch attended by 150 people including different line ministries on 17 February 2011 in Kathmandu. It is the first National Plan of Action to be launched by Nepal’s new government, which came to power on 6. February 2011. This shows the political commitment and high priority given to issues related to women, peace and security.1325 (2000) and 1820 (2008) are landmark resolutions which link women’s experiences of conflict to the maintenance of international peace and security. SCR 1820 was the first resolution of the Security Council to recognize conflict-related sexual violence as a tactic of warfare and a critical component of the maintenance of international peace and security, requiring a peacekeeping, justice, and peace negotiation.
Norway chairs the Chair of the Peace Support Working Group in Nepal and was represented at the launch by Ms Ingrid Fiskaa, Norwegian State Secretary for International Development.
"When I visited Nepal recently, I met several women whose lives have changed because of the conflict. Nepal is now one of few countries in the world which has its own action plan to include women in the peace process. I have tremendous respect for that achievement," the State Secretary said.
The other speakers at the launch were:
- Mr. Gyan Chandra Acharya, Ambassador & Permanent Representative of Nepal
- Mr. Dhruba Prasad Sharma, Secretary, Ministry of Peace and Reconstruction, Nepal
- Mr. Sadhu Ram Sapkota, Joint Secretary, Ministry of Peace and Reconstruction, Nepal
- Ms. Bandana Rana, Nepal civil society representative
- Ms. Purnima Mane, UNFPA Deputy Executive Director (Programme)
- Ms. Anne F. Stenhammer, Regional Programme Director, South Asia Sub-regional Office
The Security Council Resolutions
Nepal is the first country in South Asia to adopt a NAP on UNSCR 1325 and 1820.
Why are the women, peace and security SCRs so important to Nepal?
Owing to the post conflict transition and political instability an increase in violence against women and girls is observed. The Resolutions offer guidance on necessary protection and prevention to address issues of gender based violence. Furthermore, it also advocates strongly for the inclusion of women across all sections of society in matters of the reconstruction of their country. The resolutions provide women with the platform to be heard, express their concerns and to be active and influential participants in peace negotiations and peace building. At the national launch in Kathmandu, Mr. Sadhu Ram Sapkota, Joint Secretary of Ministry of Peace and Reconstruction emphasized that the NAP is important for Nepal to ensure women’s security in a transitional period, their meaningful participation in peace process and conflict transformation.
Why is Nepal's NAP significant?
The NAP was developed through an intensively collaborative and participatory process across the country from women and girls affected by conflict to representatives from the government, civil society, and development partners. In fact, consultations were held in 52 of 75 districts covering all five development regions, making Nepal’s NAP the most consulted NAP globally. In this way both the process and the product of the NAP aim to contribute towards the goals of sustainable peace and establishing a just society.
The NAP is shaped by the voices of women and young girls who demand accountability and justice. The NAP is built on 5 pillars, including:
- Participation: To ensure participation of women at all levels of decision making, conflict transformation and peace process.
- Protection and Prevention: To ensure the protection of the rights of women and girls and prevention of violations of these rights in conflict and post-conflict situations
- Promotion: To promote the rights of women and girls and mainstream gender perspectives in all aspects of conflict prevention, conflict resolution and peace building
- Relief and recovery: To address the specific needs and ensure participation of women and girls in the design and implementation of all relief and recovery programs.
- Resource management and monitoring and evaluation: To institutionalize a monitoring and evaluation system and ensure required resources for the implementation of the NAP through collaboration and coordination of stakeholder.
A High-Level Steering Committee comprised of government, civil society and development partners, has been established to ensure the implementation of the NAP.