The United Nations Multidimensional Integrated Stabilization Mission in Mali (MINUSMA) was established by the Security Council 25 April 2013, to support political processes in Mali and carry out a number of security related tasks. The Mission was asked to support the transitional authorities of Mali in the stabilization of the country and implementation of the transitional roadmap. Norway was the first country to sign up for the new Information/Analysis unit ASIFU, the first of its kind in the UN, in an environment with highly challenging threats. Norway provided the ASIFU HQ in Bamako and has currently twenty military officers and two civilians in MINUSMA.
The United Nations Mission in the Republic of South Sudan (UNMISS) is where Norway has one of its largest military presence in a UN peacekeeping operation, as opposed to an UN-mandated operation. UNMISS was established in 2011 as a result of the independence of the newest country in the world on July 9th. The independence of South Sudan is a result of six-year peace process between the Government of Sudan and the Sudan People’s Liberation Movement (SPLM), which ended more than twenty years of war. Norway currently have fifteen individual police officers and fourteen individual millitary officers in UNMISS.
The United Nations Truce Supervision Organization (UNTSO) in the Middle East is a mission containing military observers. The mission was established as early as in 1948 with the purpose of monitor ceasefires, supervise agreements and prevent isolated incidents from escalating. In addition, military observers from UNTSO support peacekeeping operations in the region to fulfill their mandate. In the period January 2009 to February 2011 the former Chief of Staff of the Norwegian Army, Major-General Robert Mood, served as Chief of Staff of UNTSO. Today there are thirteen Norwegian military observers in the mission.
The United Nations peacekeeping Force in Cyprus (UNFICYP) was originally set up by the Security Council in 1964 to prevent further fighting between the Greek Cypriot and Turkish Cypriot communities. After the hostilities of 1974, the Council has mandated the Force to perform certain additional functions. Norway has provided the first female Force Commander, Major-General Kristin Lund, in the UN`s history as from 11 August 2014 to UNFICYP. Norway has currently three military officers in UNFICYP.
In Afghanistan, Norway contributes with approximately 50 military personnel to the NATO Operation Resolute Support Mission (RSM). ISAF was established in 2001 to assist the Afghan Transitional Authority in providing security in and around Kabul, as well as supporting reconstruction efforts. NATO has led the ISAF operation since 2003. In December 2014 the mission was transferred into RSM. Norway’s RSM contribution is located in Train Advice Assist Command North (TAAC N) and Train Advice Assist Command Capita (TAAC C). The main contribution is Special Operations Forces (SOF).
RSM works in partnership with the United Nations Assistance Mission in Afghanistan (UNAMA), which is a political mission established on the request of the Afghan Government in order to lay the foundations for a sustainable peace.
The United Nations Mission in Liberia (UNMIL) was established in 2003 to support the implementation of the ceasefire agreement and to help building peace in the years after. Norway has deployed individual police officers to the Mission since its establishment. At the start of 2016, the Norwegian contingent consists of 19 police officers, which will gradually be repatriated as the contingent now draws down. The tasks of the police officers range from assisting and advising the Liberian police in community policing in the countries’ regions, to assist in the rebuilding and restructuring of the entire Rule of Law-structure in Liberia. To assist in this effort, Norway also deployed two corrections officers to UNMIL in December 2015.
The United Nations Stabilization Mission in Haiti (MINUSTAH) was established in 2004 succeeding an interim force following an armed conflict in the country, which made then president Aristide depart for exile. After the devastating earthquake in January 2010, the Mission force level was upgraded and its areas of responsibility expanded to include capacity-building efforts. Norway deployed individual police officers to assist in the rebuilding of the country’s police- and justice-system. In 2010, Norway and Canada established a specialized team, as its first in kind in the history of UN policing, to assist the Haitian national police in the investigation of sexual and gender based violence. In 2016, the team consists of six Norwegian police officers and two Canadians.