In Afghanistan, Norway contributes approximately 450 military officers to the UN-mandated International Security Assistance Force (ISAF). ISAF was established in 2001 to assist the Afghan Transitional Authority in providing security in and around Kabul, as well as supporting reconstruction efforts. NATO has led the ISAF operation since 2003. Norway’s ISAF contribution is located in Regional Command North and Regional Command Capital. ISAF works in partnership with the United Nations Assistance Mission in Afghanistan (UNAMA), which is a political mission established on the request of the Afghan Government in order to lay the foundations for a sustainable peace. Norway has a smaller military presence in UNAMA.
Currently, the newly established United Nations Mission in the Republic of South Sudan (UNMISS) is where Norway has one of its largest military presence in a UN peacekeeping operation, as opposed to an UN-mandated operation. UNMISS was established in 2011 as a result of the independence of the newest country in the world on July 9th. The independence of South Sudan is a result of six-year peace process between the Government of Sudan and the Sudan People’s Liberation Movement (SPLM), which ended more than 20 years of war. This peacekeeping operation is in its start phase with the purpose of consolidating peace and security, and to establish conditions for development. Norway has thirteen military officers in UNMISS.
The United Nations Truce Supervision Organization (UNTSO) in the Middle East is a mission containing military observers. The mission was established as early as in 1948 with the purpose of monitor ceasefires, supervise agreements and prevent isolated incidents from escalating. In addition, military observers from UNTSO support peacekeeping operations in the region to fulfill their mandate. In the period January 2009 to February 2011 the former Chief of Staff of the Norwegian Army, Major-General Robert Mood, served as Chief of Staff of UNTSO. Today there are thirteen Norwegian military observers in the mission.
Norway contributes military personnel to the United Nations Interim Administration Mission in Kosovo (UNMIK) as well as to the United Nations Organization Stabilization Mission in the Democratic Republic of the Congo (MONUSCO), earlier known as MONUC.
In addition, Norway contributes with police personnel to UNMISS, MONUSCO (JMT police), the United Nations Mission in Liberia (UNMIL), African Union-UN Hybrid Operation in Darfur (UNAMID) and the United Nations Stabilization Mission in Haiti (MINUSTAH).
As part of its participation in the United Nations Mission in the Central African Republic and Chad (MINURCAT), Norway established a Level II Field Hospital in Chad in May 2009. The Field Hospital was run by 150 Norwegian and Serbian personnel. Norway also contributed a Well-Drilling Unit operated by nineteen troops. In preparation for the termination of MINURCAT in December 2010, Norway withdrew its Field Hospital and Well-Drilling Unit in May 2010. Norway also had a larger contribution of military officers to the now terminated United Nations Mission in the Sudan (UNMIS).