“These talks were part of an ongoing dialogue between our two countries on climate change issues. Norway and Papua New Guinea agree on the importance of achieving an ambitious, global climate regime in Copenhagen next year, which includes measures to reduce emissions from deforestation in developing countries,” comments Prime Minister Stoltenberg.
Taking a Lead Role
“We also agree that rich countries should shoulder the main burden under the new climate regime. At the same time, we need the developing countries to take part in these efforts. We commend Papua New Guinea for taking a lead role among developing countries regarding climate change.”
Papua New Guinea has played a leading role in the international climate change negotiations, and Norway is a significant donor to international efforts to reduce deforestation in developing countries.
“Norway’s leadership related to both climate change and tropical forestry is catalyzing a much needed paradigm shift – rich and poor countries constructing a common vision for a healthier world,” said Prime Minister Somare. “To succeed, we must redraw the economic theories of old in order to fairly value the earth’s ecosystem service – particularly those of the last great tropical rainforests.”
The two country’s governments agree, moreover, on the paramount importance of fighting deforestation in order to meet the necessary global reductions of green house gas emissions. To achieve this, it will be necessary to develop international standards for monitoring, assessing, measuring and verifying reductions of emissions from deforestation and forest degradation.
Efforts to this effect are a priority for both countries. Papua New Guinea has asked the UN Collaborative Program on Reduced Emissions from Deforestation and Forest Degradation in Developing Countries (UN-REDD) to support them in their efforts. The initial phase of the UN REDD program is financed in full by Norway, for at total amount of 35 million USD. Norway thus supports Papua New Guinea’s national REDD strategy design and implementation. More support may be given to Papua New Guinea on the basis of measurable results.
- Papua New Guinea has been a leading force in the Coalition for Rainforest Nations (CfRN), which works to strengthen efforts to reduce deforestation in major rainforest nations in the developing world.
- Papua New Guinea has established a climate office that is tasked to coordinate efforts to reduce deforestation of the country’s rainforests.
- There are 29 million acres of tropical forest in Papua New Guinea, making the country one of the most important rainforest countries.
- Deforestation in Papua New Guinea is rapid. According to FAO about 250.000 acres of forest has been deforested every year since 2000.
- Norway has announced its readiness to provide up to 550 mill USD a year to reduce emissions from deforestation and forest degradation in the developing world.
- Norway will support UN-REDD with 35 mill USD, fully financing its quick start program.